1.防犯(クライムCrime プリヴェンションPrevention)

Crimes that tend to occur frequently in multi-household complexes include burglaries while the occupants are out, and sexual assault. You should pay special attention to the following:


Lock up securely, and make use of the peephole and door chain.


Make a habit of keeping closely in touch with your neighbors. Let them know when you are going to be away, and so on.


At night, women and children should avoid using the elevators alone.


Be particularly alert if you see a stranger on the premises.




To prevent fire, take care to follow the following safety guidelines:

Do not smoke in bed.

Extinguish all flames/fires when you leave the kitchen.

Be careful when heating an empty bathtub.

Do not leave any combustibles around a gas stove.


The hatch and dividing partitions on the balcony serve as emergency exits. Do not leave any objects around this area. They might block your way out in the event of an emergency.


(2)消火と避難(In the event of a fire)

You can extinguish a small fire on your own by covering it with wet towel. If you do not have a wet towel on hand, cover the fire with a futon or blanket, and then pour water on top.


Fire extinguishers are handled as follows (aiming the spray at the fire's source is more effective than trying to spread the burst over the general area of the flames)

1.安全栓を引き抜きます Pull the stopper off
2.ノズルを火元に向けます Direct the nozzle at the fire
3.レバーを強く握ります Squeeze the lever


If a fire breaks out nearby, close your doors and windows to keep out smoke and flames. Dial 119 immediately.


Because smoke (caused by fires) rises, escape in a low position, putting a wet towel or handkerchief to your mouth. Breathe through the wet towel or handkerchief to avoid inhaling the smoke.



If an earthquake occurs, do not rush out to the corridor or stairs. Rushing out in a panic is dangerous. Remain calm, and turn off all gas lines immediately. If a small fire breaks out, try to extinguish it on your own.

Turn off a gas range at the main, oil-heater, electric fittings, and pull outlets off, too.


Turn off the gas range at the main source, also turn off all oil-heaters, electric fittings, etc....


(1)備蓄の目安(Emergency Supplies)

Keep on hand an emergency supply of drinking water, food, medicine, disaster-prevention articles, etc.

1.飲料水  最低でも1人1日3リットルが必要。3日分位を用意すると安心。
Drinking water・・・At least 3L a day per person is needed. Prepare for 3

2.食料  米、もちなどの主食の他、副食として缶詰、レトルト食品など
Food・・・Rice as a staple, cans and retort pouches as extras

3.燃料  卓上用こんろ、予備ボンベ、固形燃料など
Fuel・・・portable gas stove, spare gas cylinders , solid fuels, etc...

4.照明  懐中電灯、予備電池
Light・・・flashlight, spare batteries

5.工具類 のこぎり、バール、ロープ、簡単な日曜大工セットなど
Tools・・・saw, crowbar, rope, carpenter's kit, etc...

6.その他 毛布、軍手、カート(ポリタンクや荷物を運ぶ時に使う)、自転車
Others・・・blanket, work gloves, cart(for baggage), bicycle, dry shampoo, etc...


(2)非常持ち出し品リスト(what to take with you in the event of an emergency)

Prepare a backpack stocked with the following, for emergencies:

1.食料関係 水、乾パン、レトルト食品、缶詰、ナイフ
Food・・・Water, hardtack, canned food, a knife

2.救急関係 救急医薬品、常備薬、防災頭巾、ぼうし
First-aid kit・・・medicine, hood, cap

3.貴重品  現金、印鑑、預金通帳
Valuables・・・cash, signet/inkan, bankbook, IDs(passport, Foreign Resident
Registration Card)

4.衣類等  下着、寝袋、雨具、タオル
Clothing etc・・・underwear, sleeping bag, rainwear, towel

5.日用品  ラジオ、懐中電灯、予備電池、軍手、ロープ、マッチやライター、使い捨てカイロ、防塵マスク、生理用品、紙おむつ、ティッシュ、ウェットティッシュ、包装用ラップ、筆記用具、厚手のゴミ袋、
Commodities・・・radio, flashlight, spare batteries, work gloves, rope, matches or lighters, body warmers, thermal mask, sanitary napkins, disposable diapers, tissues, wet tissues, plastic wrap, stationery, trash bags

6.その他  底の厚い靴、スリッパ、ホイッスル、入れ歯など
Others・・・shoes with thick soles, slippers, whistle, false teeth, etc


(3)家具転倒防止の工夫 Preventing falling furniture (in case of an earthquake)

Most injuries that occur during earthquakes are caused by furniture and appliances falling over. Even if the structure of a building itself is ok, many people are often crushed under heavy appliances and furniture, like refrigerators, bookshelves, cabinets, etc. It is important to make sure such items in your apartment are as secure as possible.


Although fixing furniture to the wall with screws is common, you may be prohibited by your lease contract to make screw-holes in your walls. Following are some tips to secure furniture in place while avoiding damage to both the furniture and the walls.


You can buy props at furnishing shops, volume sale's shops, and discount stores. Fix them to both the ceiling and furniture. Be especially careful about refrigerators, because they are movable with casters. Another way is to stuff a box in the gap between the ceiling and the furniture item. Boxes are often better than props because a box has a wider area to distribute force. Choose a strong cardboard box.


2.家具転倒防止板 (Board)
Lay a board under the front of furniture. It will transfer the center of gravity towards the back and lessen the risk of furniture 's falling forward.


(preventing shelves from flying out of furniture during a quake)
There are times during earthquakes when shelves can fly out of furniture. It is not only dangerous, but can also cause the furniture to fall forward because the center of gravity transfers forward. Fix the doors of furniture containing shelves with a stopper.


4.照明器具などの吊るしものの補強(Reinforcement of other appliances)
It is very dangerous if lights, wall clocks, picture frames, etc fall down. Reinforce them with chains or metal fittings, and be careful about where you hang them (over your bed, for instance, can be dangerous).



If water leakes through to the unit below your apartment, it will be your responsibility to pay compensation for any damage incurred, not only to the landlord, but also to the tenants who are affected

Concrete is quite permeable to water. Even a small amount of water can seep through the ceiling or drip down to units below. The bathroom floor is the only floor in an apartment that is completely waterproof. Do not pour water on any other floors to wash them; this applies not only to the living areas but also to the entrance hall, balcony, corridor, etc.


5.ガス漏れ(Gas leaks)

If you suspect a gas leak, extinguish all indoor fires, stop using all gas-powered appliances, and turn off the gas valves in each room. (If LP gas is used, turn off the valves of gas cylinders・appliances) Then open all your windows to ventilate the room. Immediately contact your gas provider*, and do not use the gas again until they have checked your building thuroughly.

* If you use Toshi gas (city/town gas), contact the gas company. If you use LP gas, contact the cylinder dealer. The contact number will most likely be written on the cylinder, or the gas alarm.

To prevent fire in the event of a gas leak, please observe the following rules:

1.Do not pull the plug of the gas alarm.
2.Do not touch any outlets, or the switches of any electrical appliances
3.Do not turn off the ventilation fan.


LP gas is heavier than air and gathers close to the ground. In the event of a leak, take extra precautions to protect small children and pets, who are most likely to be down there.


6..転落事故の防止(フォールFall プリヴェンションprevention)

A table or other object placed near a railing may be a hidden danger, enabling a child to climb over the railing and fall. If you have small children or pets, it is important not to place furniture near railings or balconies.


7.住宅保険(House insurance)

House insurance refers to: 「home fire insurance」「general housing insurance」 and 「tenant insurance」.


Usually, you will be required to purchase insurance when you finalize your lease contract. The following is a description of the various types of insurance you may be asked to purchase.


Home fire insurance・・・This covers any damage to the building caused by fire.


General housing insurance・・・This covers damage to household effects caused by fire, lightning, explosion, leak, robbery, etc...


Tenant insurance・・・This covers damage caused by negligence on the part of the tenant (ex-fires caused by cigarettes, candles, water damage from a leaking washing machine, etc...) If the general housing insurance you have doesn't cover damage cased by the tenant, you may wish to add tenant insurance to your contract.


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